Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Child Support Services (CSS) takes appropriate action to collect support and secure compliance with support orders. •
(1) When a support order does not specify an effective date, a payment is due on the first day of the month following the entry of the child support order and on the first day of each month thereafter except when another state's law governs the due date.
(2) CSS bases its determination of past-due support and support for a prior period on information in available records from courts, Title IV-D and other public and private agencies, custodial persons (CPs), noncustodial parents (NCPs), and others.
(3) CSS may require sworn written statements and supporting documents from CPs, NCPs, and others pertaining to support payments.
The primary legal foundations for determination and collection of past-due support and support for a prior period are applicable provisions of: •
(A) Part D of Subchapter IV of Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code;
(B) Section 1738B of Title 28 of the United States Code (28 U.S.C. § 1738B);
(C) Chapters 302 and 303 of Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations; and
(D) Sections Sections 83 and 7700-636 of Title 10 (10 O.S. §§ 83 and 7700-636), Chapters 3 and 21 of Title 12, Title 43, and 56 O.S. §§ 231 through 240.23.
Per 43 O.S. § 137, the monthly payment schedule on past support may not exceed three years unless specific findings of fact supporting the action are made.
CSS considers a three-year payment schedule to be unjust, unreasonable, inequitable, or inappropriate when CSS has evidence that the NCP cannot comply with the payment plan.
CSS requests a monthly payment schedule that may exceed three years in accordance with the best evidence available, including the NCP's earning records, past job history, earning ability based on education and training, and mental or physical incapacities.
CSS also considers an NCP's other child support obligations and total arrears. •
(1) CSS takes action to enforce past-due support and support for a prior period, per OAC 340:25-5, Part 23. •
(2) CSS collects amounts from the date of the original child support order, including any judgments for support for a prior period, and does not limit collection of past-due child support to amounts accruing from the time a case is opened or reopened. •
(3) When a case new to CSS or a case that was previously closed reopens and has an existing order, CSS does not calculate a past-due support balance or take action to enforce past-due support until 30-calendar days from the mailing date of the notice of case letter and affidavit of payments document to the NCP.
This does not preclude the initiation of an income assignment to collect current support. •
(4) Past-due child support remains due to the CP with whom a child resided during the month the past support was due.
(5) When CSS takes action to enforce past-due support and support for a prior period for a child of an NCP or a CP who is a servicemember, CSS applies the provisions of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, codified in 50 U.S.C. §§ 3901 through 4043. •
Settlement of past support.
(1) Settlements of past support may include:
(A) an NCP's lump sum partial payment or a series of payments made toward the total amount of past support;
(B) an agreement for the NCP to pay a specified number of current child support payments in the future; and
(C) acceptance of in-kind goods or services in exchange for waiving a certain amount of past child support.
Settlements of past support must be memorialized in a court order and the
must sign the court order when the past support is owed to the
CP. • 5
(3) Per 43 O.S. § 112,
(A) acknowledges the rights of the CP and NCP to mutually agree to waive with approval of the court, all or a portion of the past child support due to the CP; or
(B) may negotiate the right to collect all or part of past support owed to Oklahoma. • 5
CSS uses the annual notice to the NCP parent, per 56 O.S. § 237A to confirm the amount of past-due support and remaining balances on previously confirmed judgments.
Past-due support and remaining balances on judgments for support for a prior period may also be confirmed during other enforcement actions, per OAC 340:25-5, Part 23. • 6
Death of CP.
When the CP dies, CSS issues child support payments for past due support to:
(A) the decedent's estate, when notified in writing by the administrator of the estate; or
(B) any state owed past due support, per OAC 340:25-5-351.
(2) Except as provided in (1) of this subsection, CSS refunds payments to the:
(A) payor, when the payor's address is known;
(B) NCP parent when the payor's address is unknown, or payments are returned due to the inability to distribute.
(3) CSS does not file a forced probate court action to determine heirs and distribute past support to heirs.
When an Oklahoma tribunal has personal and subject matter jurisdiction and can obtain service of process on the NCP, CSS uses the annual notice, notice of support debt, contempt, or other appropriate proceedings to determine past support and interest before requesting a tribunal of another state to enforce the child support orders.