The intent of
Developmental Disabilities Services (DDS) is to secure services and supports
for persons with developmental disabilities to live, work, and participate in
their communities. The principles in
this Section provide direction and purpose in designing services and supports
for persons with developmental disabilities.
(1) Understanding the ways a person with a
developmental disability communicates with others is critical. Case managers, program coordinators, and
other involved Personal Support Team (Team) members must actively solicit,
listen to, and respond to the person's needs, ideas, and choices, whether
communicated verbally or non-verbally.
(2) DDS employs a person-centered planning process that
is an individually focused approach identifying the needs, preferences, goals,
and desired outcomes of the person receiving services.
(3) The Individual Plan (Plan) process ensures people receiving services
have access to quality services and supports that foster:
(A) independence, learning, and growth;
(B) choices in everyday life;
(C) meaningful relationships with family, friends,
(D) presence and full participation in his or her
(E) dignity and respect;
(F) positive approaches focused on skill
(G) health and safety.
(4) The case manager ensures the Team makes maximum
use of services available to all citizens.
(5) Services and supports are provided, based on
assessed needs per Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 340:100-5-51.
(6) The case manager ensures the services and
supports developed by the Team support the person's network of natural
resources. The willing efforts of family
members or friends to support areas of the person's life are not replaced with
paid supports. • 1
(7) Planning focuses on the needs and outcomes the
person receiving services wants to achieve.
The Team first considers the preferences of the person receiving
services and family, friends, and advocates secondarily.
(8) Each person served has a single, unified
Plan. All services and supports are
integrated parts of the Plan. Programs
involving professional and specialized services are jointly developed to ensure
integration of service outcomes. The Team
ensures services and supports:
(A) are important for the person to meet the needs
identified through an assessment of functional need;
(B) are important to the person with regard to
preferences for service delivery;
(C) are commensurate with the person's level of
need and the scope of services available through Home and Community-Based
Services (HCBS) Waivers;
(D) are integrated into the person's daily living;
(E) take advantage of every opportunity for social
(F) reflect positive approaches focused on skill
(G) use the least intrusive and restrictive
(9) The case manager ensures the Team identifies
needed services and supports.
(A) When services and supports are unavailable near
the person's home community, the case manager submits a list of such services
and supports to the area manager for resource development.
(B) When the Team identifies a lack of available
services and supports as a barrier, the Team develops alternative strategies,
using available services and supports, pending the development of additional
(C) When an identified service is not within the
scope of the State's programs, the Team creatively seeks methods to meet the